A solution for rudder force detection to support Dynamic Positioning (DP) operation.
Ship operators using conventional rudder-propeller arrangements in their vessels are always looking for ways to improve DP performance. This is because there are many advantages to using a main propeller
and rudder instead of azimuth thrusters. These include there being no limitation in installed power, good response times and high course-keeping performance.
For this reason, in early 2010 Becker Marine Systems (BMS) and Kongsberg Maritime (KM) began a joint development project utilising their respective expertise in high performance rudder systems and
DP systems to enhance DP capabilities.
High performance in manoeuvring and DP
Due to nature's influences of wind, waves and current the operational conditions of a rudder can vary significantly at anyone time. Even in steady conditions the correlation between the angle of attack
and lift is non-linear.
For BMS and KM the challenge was to find a more direct indicator of manoeuvring performance than the vessel's motion reaction detected by GPS or gyros. It turned out that the closest value to describe
performance was the rudder force itself. Therefore, BMS and KM began developing systems for force detection on rudders (BIMS), as well as developing components to process this data, for implementation
in DP systems for improving adjustments in operations (RUF). The result was that all components and features were integrated into one system, called KBIMS, which is available for use in conjunction with
KM's DP systems and full spade rudders from BMS.
KBIMS - improved performance in DP
- The DP system 'learns' the characteristics of the rudder and can use this information for improved performance through the correct combination of rudder angle and propeller pitch/rpm
exact measurements of the actual rudder force lead to better station-keeping performance as the DP model is better updated
- More precise rudder control reduces wear-and-tear of steering gear, rudder
stock and bearings
- There is a significant reduction in rudder flipping and manoeuvring hysteresis around a fixed position
- Improved performance leads to emissions reductions
fulfils the requirements of DP and propulsion systems for long-haul offshore operations
- The advantages of KBIMS create more reliable and safer DP operations
- Data exchange is via a standard vessel network (Ethernet/serial) using NMEA 0183 standard interface
- It features a high sampling rate (up to 10Hz)
- The sensor component arrangement
for detection of lift and drag is integrated on the rudder's stock
- Calculation of rudder forces is made in the vessel coordinate system
- There is parallel measurement of stock torque and
- Lift maximum detection is used to provide the most efficient helm adjustment
- A visualisation of force generation history
- Load spectrum analysis
Integration of additional sensors for measurements such as accelerometers and steering gear pressure monitoring